Nature, Technology, Society (NTS) - CLOSED since 2016 https://www.heika-research.de/en en Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis https://www.heika-research.de/en/research/nature-technology-society-nts-closed-2016/crowdsourcing-forensic-disaster-analysis <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/en/user/31" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="Maria Garcia Hernandez">Maria Garcia H…</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 03/07/2019 - 13:40</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US">The HEiKA Crowd FDA project successfully complete its first year achieving defined key milestones. Together with main stakeholders from international to local and from scientific to political entities, the project heads towards a fruitful next phase. Main achievements are the development of </span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>conceptual framework for integrating VGI in near real-time FDA. Early on the project we pivoted from operationalizing this framework from sheltering of displaced population as a pilot application area (as conceived in the our proposal) to an application of near real-time assessment of tourism destination recovery. Availability and ease of access to data, synergies within the research team and potential for innovation in this area and future market application were the main drivers for this pivot. We submitted two scientific publications on this topic and demonstrated that the combined result of VGI and near-real time survey methodology can be used to obtain a comprehensive and evidence-based assessment of post-disaster recovery at regular time intervals. </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US">After a disaster, tourism declines and tourist stakeholders suffer because tourists cancel their reservations and choose to go elsewhere. A key part of managing recovery of tourism destinations is safeguarding the destination image and reputation which can be affected by negative or inaccurate media coverage. We applied our methodology for near-real time assessment of tourism in three tourism destinations in the Philippines affected by two back-to-back disasters: the Bohol earthquake and tropical cyclone Haiyan in 2013. Our assessment methodology can be used a crisis communication tool for benchmarking and monitoring progress on post disaster recovery of a tourism destination. Three main dimensions of safety, physical recovery and business recovery are considered in the Scorecard, each containing key factors that are important to tourists and meaningful to tourism operators.</span></span></span></span></span></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-bridges field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Research bridges</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/index.php/en/research/nature-technology-society-nts-closed-2016" hreflang="en">Nature, Technology, Society (NTS) - CLOSED since 2016</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-contact-person field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label"><h3>Project management</h3></div> <div class="field__items"> <article data-history-node-id="229" role="article" about="/index.php/en/prof-dr-alexander-zipf" class="node node--type-people-profile node--view-mode-teaser"> <div class="node__content"> <div class="content-container"> <div class="header-container"> <h2> <a href="/index.php/en/prof-dr-alexander-zipf" rel="bookmark"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Prof. Dr. Alexander Zipf</span> </a> </h2> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-institute field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Institute of Geography</div> <div class="field field--name-field-facility field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">University of Heidelberg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-link field--type-link field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="https://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/gis/zipf.html">Contact</a></div> </div> </div> </article> <article data-history-node-id="230" role="article" about="/index.php/en/dr-bijan-khazai" class="node node--type-people-profile node--view-mode-teaser"> <div class="node__content"> <div class="content-container"> <div class="header-container"> <h2> <a href="/index.php/en/dr-bijan-khazai" rel="bookmark"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Dr. Bijan Khazai</span> </a> </h2> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-institute field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology </div> <div class="field field--name-field-facility field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">KIT</div> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Thu, 07 Mar 2019 12:40:34 +0000 Maria Garcia Hernandez 243 at https://www.heika-research.de Extreme Klimaereignisse in historischer Vergangenheit – Eine komplementäre Betrachtung anhand geologischer und historischer Archive https://www.heika-research.de/en/research/nature-technology-society-nts-closed-2016/extreme-klimaereignisse-historischer <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Extreme Klimaereignisse in historischer Vergangenheit – Eine komplementäre Betrachtung anhand geologischer und historischer Archive</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/en/user/31" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="Maria Garcia Hernandez">Maria Garcia H…</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 03/07/2019 - 13:45</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span>Das Forschungsprojekt „Check Extrema“ hatte zum Ziel, hydrologische Extremereignisse anhand von geologischen und historischen Archiven des süddeutschen Raums zu identifizieren und in ihrer Stärke zu quantifizieren. Im Vordergrund stand die Fragestellung, ob und wie Extremereignisse in geologischen Archiven aufgezeichnet wurden und welche historischen Überlieferungen objektivere Informationen darüber liefern. Im Rahmen des Projekts wurden historische Aufzeichnungen des Staats- und Stadtarchivs in Nürnberg mit hochaufgelösten Zeitreihen geochemischer Proxies in Stalagmiten der Fränkischen Schweiz und der Bayerischen Alpen ausgewertet.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Ein zentrales Ergebnis ist, dass im Falle geeigneter lokaler Bedingungen kurzfristigere klimatische Schwankungen auf Jahresskala im Stalagmiten sichtbar sind. Zum Beispiel sind kühlere Jahre mit erhöhtem Winterniederschlag, welche Frühjahrüberschwemmungen begünstigen, durch deutlich negativere Sauerstoffisotopenwerte sichtbar. Des Weiteren können Spurenelemente wie Sr, Mg und Fe Indikatoren für Starkniederschlagsereignisse sein. Alternativ zu den typischerweise verwendeten Chroniken wurden Ratsprotokolle als objektivere Informationsquelle bezüglich klimatischer Extreme untersucht. Diese dokumentieren Überschwemmungen mit ihrer Relevanz für die Stadt und geben zum Teil sehr genauen Aufschluss über deren Folgen. Ein Abgleich der Informationen aus der reichsstädtischen Verwaltungsüberlieferung mit der örtlichen Hochwasserchronologie und den geochemischen Stalagmitdaten ermöglicht eine detaillierte, objektivere Zusammenstellung der Ereignisse und stellt die Grundlage für die Übertragung der Methodik auf erweiterte Fragestellungen im historisch/archäologischen Forschungsbereich und der Paläoklimarekonstruktion dar.</span></span></span></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-bridges field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Research bridges</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/index.php/en/research/nature-technology-society-nts-closed-2016" hreflang="en">Nature, Technology, Society (NTS) - CLOSED since 2016</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-contact-person field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label"><h3>Project management</h3></div> <div class="field__items"> <article data-history-node-id="156" role="article" about="/index.php/en/prof-dr-thomas-neumann" class="node node--type-people-profile node--view-mode-teaser"> <div class="node__content"> <div class="content-container"> <div class="header-container"> <h2> <a href="/index.php/en/prof-dr-thomas-neumann" rel="bookmark"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Prof. Dr. Thomas Neumann</span> </a> </h2> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-institute field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Institute of Applied Geosciences</div> <div class="field field--name-field-facility field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Karlsruhe Institute of Technolgoy</div> <div class="field field--name-field-link field--type-link field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="https://www.img.kit.edu/english/14_497.php">Prof. Dr. Thomas Neumann</a></div> </div> </div> </article> <article data-history-node-id="234" role="article" about="/index.php/en/dr-tobias-kluge" class="node node--type-people-profile node--view-mode-teaser"> <div class="node__content"> <div class="content-container"> <div class="header-container"> <h2> <a href="/index.php/en/dr-tobias-kluge" rel="bookmark"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Dr. Tobias Kluge</span> </a> </h2> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-institute field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Institute of Environmental Physics </div> <div class="field field--name-field-facility field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">University of Heidelberg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-link field--type-link field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="http://www.iup.uni-heidelberg.de/institut/forschung/groups/isotopologues/group.html">Contact</a></div> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Thu, 07 Mar 2019 12:45:43 +0000 Maria Garcia Hernandez 246 at https://www.heika-research.de Interdisciplinary approach to human motor control and learning: sensorimotor experiments, biomechanical modeling, and computational optimization https://www.heika-research.de/en/research/nature-technology-society-nts-closed-2016/interdisciplinary-approach-human-motor-control <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Interdisciplinary approach to human motor control and learning: sensorimotor experiments, biomechanical modeling, and computational optimization</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/en/user/31" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="Maria Garcia Hernandez">Maria Garcia H…</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 03/07/2019 - 13:48</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span><span>Movement is an important aspect of our life enabling us to interact with the world. To control movements, the central nervous system has to coordinate a complex motor system. In this proposal, we focus on the investigation of arm movements. These movements are highly relevant for everyday life (e.g. handling objects) but demonstrate also many aspects which make human motor control hard to decode (e.g. many degrees of freedom). Besides motor control, motor learning is an important feature of the motor system. As humans are not proficient in performing all possible tasks and its variations by birth, the motor system must be capable of learning new skills as well as adapting existing skills to changes in conditions. Yet, it remains puzzling how the motor system manages the motor control and learning processes. Research suggests that humans use different strategies to control movements: impedance control strategy (increasing arm stiffness) to constrain the degrees of freedom and ensure task goal achievement and predictive control strategy to minimize costs with respect to the expected task conditions. Likely, both strategies are used in hybrid fashion but their interplay is unknown. The aim of this proposal is to work on how these strategies interact with each other and how this interaction evolves during learning. For this purpose, we performed a sensorimotor experiment a using robotic devices to analyze human arm movements under different environmental conditions. In addition, we have developed a biomechanical arm model driven by torques or muscle toque generators at the joints. Using optimal control approaches we evaluate different optimal feedback controllers accounting for the two above mentioned strategies and compare them to the recorded motion. Ultimately, this approach will lead to a deeper understanding of the control strategies used for motions in neutral, stable and unstable force field. A deeper understanding of these processes is an important prerequisite in order to design safer workplaces, better tools, prostheses and robots as well as more effective training schedules in such settings as sports, and rehabilitation.</span></span></span></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-bridges field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Research bridges</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/index.php/en/research/nature-technology-society-nts-closed-2016" hreflang="en">Nature, Technology, Society (NTS) - CLOSED since 2016</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-contact-person field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label"><h3>Project management</h3></div> <div class="field__items"> <article data-history-node-id="238" role="article" about="/index.php/en/prof-dr-katja-mombaur" class="node node--type-people-profile node--view-mode-teaser"> <div class="node__content"> <div class="content-container"> <div class="header-container"> <h2> <a href="/index.php/en/prof-dr-katja-mombaur" rel="bookmark"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Prof. Dr. Katja Mombaur</span> </a> </h2> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-institute field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing</div> <div class="field field--name-field-facility field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">University of Heidelberg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-link field--type-link field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="https://typo.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de/groups/orb/people/prof-katja-mombaur/">Contact</a></div> </div> </div> </article> <article data-history-node-id="239" role="article" about="/index.php/en/prof-dr-thorsten-stein" class="node node--type-people-profile node--view-mode-teaser"> <div class="node__content"> <div class="content-container"> <div class="header-container"> <h2> <a href="/index.php/en/prof-dr-thorsten-stein" rel="bookmark"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Prof. Dr. Thorsten Stein</span> </a> </h2> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-institute field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">Institute of Sports and Sports Science</div> <div class="field field--name-field-facility field--type-string field--label-hidden field__item">KIT</div> <div class="field field--name-field-link field--type-link field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="https://www.sport.kit.edu/english/3576_769.php">Thorsten Stein</a></div> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Thu, 07 Mar 2019 12:48:50 +0000 Maria Garcia Hernandez 248 at https://www.heika-research.de